Spinal Stenosis

The spine allows you to stand up straight and move. The spine also protects your spinal cord from being hurt. In people with spinal stenosis, the spinal canal is narrowed in one or more of three parts:

  • The space at the center of the spine
  • The canals where nerves branch out from the spine
  • The space between vertebrae (the bones of the spine).

This narrowing puts pressure on the spinal cord and nerves and can cause pain. The spinal nerves become inflamed and fail to function properly.


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There may be no symptoms of spinal stenosis, or symptoms may appear slowly and get worse over time. Signs of spinal stenosis include:
  • Pain in the neck or back
  • Numbness, weakness, cramping, or pain in the arms or legs
  • Pain going down the leg
  • Foot problems
Symptoms may increase with normal activities such as walking. One type of spinal stenosis, cauda equine syndrome, is very serious. This type occurs when there is pressure on nerves in the lower back. Symptoms may include:
  • Loss of control of the bowel or bladder
  • Problems having sex
  • Pain, weakness, or loss of feeling in one or both legs.
If you have any of these symptoms, you should call your doctor right away.

Common causes

Sport injury
Text neck
Lifling heavy boxes
Driving for a long periods
Car accident
Working on computer for a long time
Heavy work
Throughout our lives we have physical stress on our body some acute such as falls, traumas, accidents and some chronic such as sitting for long periods, working at a desk for long periods, using computers or phones, standing for long periods. These physical stresses cause us to lose the normal alignment and puts the spine in a weakened position. At first this causes no pain but as it continues to abnormally load the spinal structures it begins to breakdown the spinal structures leading to spinal damage and eventually the pain and functional loss to develop.

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Xrays of a patient with symptoms as a result from a spinal stenosis The patient came into the clinic with neck and low back pain, pain and stiffness in the back, and difficulties in walking. After the treatment course, the patient has significant improvement symptomatically, structurally and functionally.